Παρασκευή, 28 Ιανουαρίου 2011

Who is José Martí

Who was José Martí? Marti affectionately called by the Cuban people the “Apostle of the revolution” was born in 1853 and was killed in combat against the Spanish colonial troops in 1895. He was a founder and central leader of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, the organization that led the struggle of the Cuban people against Spanish colonialism.

Marti built and led the organization based on the principal that the liberation struggle had to involve the oppressed and had to be for the benefit of the oppressed. He fought for a non racial movement and future independent Cuba. He fought for greater rights of women. He foresaw, before all other Latin American leaders, the rise of the United States of America, as a new imperialist power that was threatening to pounce on its southern neighbors. He explained that Cuba had to stand in the front lines to prevent this from happening. Following in the footsteps of Simon Bolivar, Marti had a pan americanist perspective, seeking to unite all the peoples of Latin America. Above all, Marti was a genuine humanist seeking to advance the struggle for a world that would respect the human rights of all. This was reflected not only in his support of oppressed and exploited sectors in Cuba or in the rest of Latin America, but also in his identification with the struggles of rail workers, tobacco workers and others in the United States itself. They too were part of his America.

What is the The José Martí Cultural Association in Greece

The José Martí Cultural Association in Greece is inspired by the spirit of a great figure in the history of Cuba and Latin America. Our goal is to stand in solidarity with the struggles of the living socialist revolution in Cuba today, and at the same time study its history and culture, as exemplified in José Martí (1853-1895).

This is the national hero of Cuba, who led in the 19th century struggles for liberation from Spanish colonial rule. However, a century after his birth, Fidel Castro named him as intellectual perpetrator of the uprising that led to the triumph of January 1959. The life and work of the universal, radical humanist Martí shaped the cultural and militant traditions of the Cuban people. His ideas illuminate the historical path that gave birth to today's Cuba.

• Marti was the first to speak about the need to face the threat of US imperialism –which was emerging a that time– through the unity of the peoples of the Americas.

• He insisted that national independence is meaningless for the excluded majority of Indians, blacks, peasants and workers if the continent were to continue to be ruled by the few.

• He preached the ability of the oppressed peoples of the continent to build a new society of their own, based on their economic and spiritual needs.

Through public events, studies and publications we strive, in today’s Greece hard hit by the capitalist crisis, to present the internationalism of Martí and the liberating perspective of the Cuban socialist revolution in general.